Notebook, 1993-

Materials & Methods

This area is under construction. Many topics are listed below, including
Drawing and Light & Color, and Paper. An extended period of time is required to develop the organization of this subject so that it will be simple to use. Major topics should include References & Texts, Glossaries or Technical Terms, Characteristics, Method, Disciplines, and other considerations. A directory will be provided below through which to search topics alphabetically.

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Digital Sketchpad - There are many digital programs available for download onto mobile devices, and there is a full-feature online painting program provided by the National Gallery of Art (Washington, DC). "This contains more than 40 brushes and textures, many with customizable size, transparency, and stroke options. A full palette of colors and special effects that blur, ripple, smudge, and fragment your designs . . . . " -- Link to this and a variety of online painting, sculpture, drawing, collage and other programs available for use.

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Consider the substance of materials --the characteristics and qualities of materials --to most keenly and fully appreciate the values and strengths through which one explores or resolves meaning.

Consider the most effective presentation specific to the materials --both the potentials and the limitations of experience and intention through materials.

While it is valuable to expand opportunities through which to reflect upon human experience it is valuable as well to simplify the materials and processes through which to value experience.

Consider the predominating work with the materials and the discipline --to see, to listen, to think, to coordinate --does a combination of these enhance vision or facilitate knowing? What resonates --the music or craft or literature or architecture or poem or function or theory --the regard, the adventure, the coordination, a development, the building, or experience --or what? Is the view essential? What constitutes view?

There are reasons for acts of appreciation as well as acts of innovation --to distribute and share as well as to possess or promote --or to define or delineate --to discover, to express, to answer, invent, change --recapitulate, revolutionize, originate. Which of these are specifically human and which are evolutionary in general?

Visual experience is a part of human experience in general through which one experiences time, weight, sound, dynamic, direction, etc. One's development of vision and visual skills may contribute meaning as a whole and in part --shift facet or degree or scheme or the view and a form of interest --lend something to the whole, bring wholeness to experience. . . . Generally, art is considered to bring wholeness to each part and to bring a breadth of understanding or perspective to the meaning of human experience. This has been looked upon as sacred, profound, immanent, perceptive, definitive . . . .

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CAMEO: Conservation & Art Material Encyclopedia Online - " A searchable information center developed by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The MATERIALS database contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials."

National Gallery of Art Scientific Research Department - (Washington, DC) - "Research and development of new materials for use in the conservation of works of art, and investigation into the methods and materials of artist." - View pdf Publications, the Artist Methods and Materials Glossary, and Internships.

Health & Safety in the Arts . . . . . Internet Resources for Art Hazards . . . . . Recipes . . . . . Considerations

Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute Topics, Conservation Product Suppliers . . . . . A Supplies Resource - Note that some artist supply companys publish informative catalogues

Forming, Carving, Modeling, Assembling, Attaching, Constructing, Building, Casting . . . . Manifesting
Substance, Space, Form, Texture, Tone , 3D - The influence of Structural Pattern and Light

    Wood - Cherry, Walnut, Aspen, Maple, Mesquite, Mahogany, Red Cedar, Cypress, Balsam, Beech, Birch, Black Locust, Blackwood, Boxwood, Cashew, Cocobola, Dahoma, Ebony, Elm, Goncalo Alves, Greenheart, Hemlock, Iroko, Mansonia, Mimosa, Myrtle, Oak, Obeche, Oleander, Olivewood, Opepe, Padauk, Pau Ferro, Peroba Rosa, Purpleheart, Quebracho, REdwood, Rosewoods, Satinwood, Sassafras, Sequoia, Snakewood, Spruce, Wenge, Willow, West Red Cedar, Teak, Yew, Zebrawood
    Plastics & Other Synthetic Compositions
    Electronics - Web 3D Consortium . . . . . Computer Lab -- (3D Visualization of Print on Demand, Fluid Borders, Virtual Armatures, Rapid Prototyping, VRML: 3D Internat Imaging, etc.)

Painting (click) -- In View -- Professional Essays
Coloring, Blending, Suggesting, Shaping, Delineating, Forming . . . . Imagining, Picturing
Qualities, Shapes, Depth, Hue - Substance and Illusion

    Aqueous [Casein, Guache, Poster Paint - in addition to Watercolor]

Drawing (click)
Considering, Rendering, Directing, Evolving, Defining . . . . Supposing, Describing, Narrating
Movement, Tone, Form, Pattern, Narration - Improvisation and Delineation

Manuscript Illumination - A Glossary

    Wire - [For children]

Printing (click) -- In View
Impression, Transfer, Documentation, Repetition, Embellishment . . . . Exchanging, Transferring
Process, Stages, Editions - Traces, Dissemination

The Unfinished Print - "When does a work of art achieve aesthetic resolution . . . ? (National Gallery of Art - Washington, DC) - Glossary

    Light-sensitive materials and Film [Still Photography, Moving Picture]
      Photography: Processes, Preservation, and Conservation - [Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC]
      Principal Photographic Processes - [Arranged Chronologically]
      Photography Glossary - [Cleveland Museum of Art]
      Albumen Photographs - "The albumen print, also called albumen silver print, was invented in 1850 by Louis Désiré Blanquart-Evrard, and was the first commercially exploitable method of producing a photographic print on a paper base from a negative. It used the albumen found in egg whites to bind the photographic chemicals to the paper and became the dominant form of photographic positives from 1855 to the turn of the 20th century, with a peak in the 1860-90 period. During the mid-19th century, the carte de visite became one of the more popular uses of the albumen method. In the 19th century." [Wikipedia]
      Autochrome Lumiére -"Autochrome is an additive color 'mosaic screen plate' process. This early color photography process was patented in 1903 by the Lumiére brothers in France and first marketed in 1907, it was the principal color photography process in use before the advent of subtractive color film in the mid-1930s." - (Wikipedia)
      A Cataloque of Early Equipment - [Museum of the History of Science in Oxford, UK presents the evolution of modern photography]
    Electronics / Digital Media [including TV, Video]

      What is Electronic Ink? - "These microcapsules are suspended in a liquid "carrier medium" allowing them to be printed using existing screen printing processes onto virtually any surface, including glass, plastic, fabric and even paper. Ultimately electronic ink will permit most any surface to become a display, bringing information out of the confines of traditional devices and into the world around us . . . . "

      Smart Architectural Surfaces - This project examines the creation of modular computational elements which can be used to build smart rooms, linked meeting rooms, and other sensor- and display-equipped intelligent spaces. These units are intended to tile the walls of a room, and act as a scalable, self-organizing system" . . . .

      Technically Assisted Art - "Time and honest sweat . . . . Merely a technician with a good eye . . . . . . only gives you answers?" - (WIRED)

Multimedia --
Collective Conscious - (NYTimes, March 5, 2006)
Media (including print and electronics), Collage, Assemblage, Construction, Installation . . . . Coordinating, Recycling, Recapitulating
Assimilation, Appropriation, Collaboration, Participation - Exchange, Reflection

"Smart planes -- shape memory textiles -- micromachines -- self-assembling structures -- color-changing paint -- nanosystems --- Sensors, detectors, transducers, actuators, MEMS (micro-electrical mechanical systems), Input / Output, Facade systems, lighting systems, energy systems --- Thermal, Luminous, and Acoustic Environments --- Property-changing, Energy-exchanging, Intelligent Environments --- The vocabulary of the material world has changed dramatically. . . . " - (Addington, Michelle and Daniel Schodek. 'Smart materials and Technologies' for the architecture and design professions. Architectural Press: Oxford and Burlington. 2005.)


    Still Life




    Product Design






    Interior Design

    Fibers, Electronic Ink, Digital Screens, Textiles, Resins, Sheets, Mesh, Foams, Composites, Gels, Laminates, Treatments, . . . . Carbons, Cements, Ceramics, Glass, Metals, Natural, Polymers . . . .

    Representative Links - Do an online search for materials of interest by media or discipline, including digital and film technologies. Materials research and technology is interesting: Material ConneXion - Focuses on materials in relationship to artists, art projects, and commercial and industrial design . . . . . . . Materials Research Society - The Materials Gateway. "The Materials Research Society is an organization of materials researchers from academia, industry, and government that promotes communication for the advancement of interdisciplinary materials research to improve the quality of life" . . . . . . . MatWeb - "The heart of MatWeb is a searchable database of material data sheets, including property information on thermoplastic and thermoset polymers such as ABS, nylon, polycarbonate, polyester, polyethylene and polypropylene; metals such as aluminum, cobalt, copper, lead, magnesium, nickel, steel, superalloys, titanium and zinc alloys; ceramics; plus semiconductors, fibers, and other engineering materials" . . . . . . . Nature Materials - "Nature Materials (2004 ISI impact factor 13.531) is a monthly multi-disciplinary journal aimed at bringing together cutting-edge research across the entire spectrum of materials science, blending physics, chemistry, biology and engineering into an innovative product" . . . . . . . American Society for Testing and Materials - "An open forum for the development of high-quality, market-relevant international standards used around the world" . . . . for materials, products, systems, and services." Sign up for Product Updates

Selected Topics



    Fresco and Wall Painting


Important Practical Considerations

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