Notebook, 1993-


Ancient World Mapping Center [College of Arts and Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill] . . . . Archaeologigical Site Photography - Mesopotamia . . . . 'Assyria to Iberia at the Dawn of the Classical Age': "The mercantile connections they established along the northern coast of Africa and the southern coast of Europe to the Strait of Gibraltar and beyond, to the Atlantic, became conduits for raw materials, luxury goods, images, and ideas between the Near East and the Mediterranean . . . . This landmark exhibition traces, through some 260 works of art on loan from major collections in Western Europe, the Caucasus, the Middle East, North Africa, and the United States, the deep roots of interaction between the ancient Near East and the lands along the shores of the Mediterranean and their impact on the artistic traditions that developed in the region." - Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC]

Pictured here: "Fragment of "Ur-Namma" stele, ca. 2097Ð2080 B.C.; Ur III, reign of Ur-Namma. Mesopotamia, Ur. Pink-buff limestone; H. 105 cm (39 5/8 in.); W. 71.8 cm (28 1/4 in.); Thickness 11 cm (4 3/8 in.). University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, PhiladelphiaÊÊCBS 16676.14." [From the Exhibition 'Art of the First Cities': [The Third Millenium BC from the Mediterranean to the Indus - Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC]

Oriental Antiquities - Under construction

" . . . . South of the dark forests of northern Russia open vast steppe lands, stretching from eastern Europe to Mongolia. Constantly varying in climate, punctuated by giant mountain chains, these steppes may support settled farming or pasturage, or--particularly towards China--degenerate into desert. North of Tibet a complex series of mountain ranges divides the steppes. Westwards lies the broad area inhabited predominantly by white races since time immemorial; to the east, the home terrain of the mongoloids, although each group interpenetrated the other. Southwards again an immense mountain zone shuts off the steppe lands from warmer climes: dividing Greece, ringing Anatolia, surrounding the great, dusty plateau of Iran as the Zagros, Elburz and other ranges, marching further east as the Hindu Kush of Afghanistan and the Himalayas of India, it severely inhibited the passage of commerce and invasion. Great rivers run down from its heights: the flat, alluvial plains of the lower Tigris and Euphrates hold the Syrian desert at bay, the Oxus and Jaxartes meander through central Asia and into the Aral Sea, while the Indus and Ganges water the Indian north . . . . " - [Colledge, Malcolm A. R., Parthian Art Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 1977.]

Manual of Oriental Antiquities, including the Architecture, Sculpture, and Industrial Arts of Chaldæ, Assyria, Persia, Syria, Judæ, Phœnician, and Carthage. Ernest Babelon, Librarian of the Department of Medals and Antiques in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. London: H. Grevel and Co. 1906.

The Art of Ancient Iran, Pre-Islamic Cultures. Porada, Edith [With the collaboration of R. H. Dyson and contributions by C.K. Wilkinson]. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. Art of the World. 1962. [Akkadians, Elamites, Manneans, Medes, Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, Sasanian]

The Art of The Middle East, including Persia, Mesopotamia and Palestine. Woolley, Leonard. New York: Crown Publishers. 1961. [Elam, Sumer, Syria & Palestine, Hurri & Hittites, Anatolia.]

Artamonov, M.I. The Splendor of Scythian Art, Treasures from Scythian Tombs, with an introduction by Tamara Talbot Rice. New Ork: Frederick A. Praeger, Publishers. 1969.

Waugh's Central Asia

Central Asia: A Historical Overview (Asia Society)

Center for the Study of Eurasian Nomads


Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library

Ancient Greek Culture [History, Mythology [Gods, Demi-Gods, Heros], Religous Beliefs, Philosophy, Pottery, Architecture, Painting & Sculpture, Literature, Language, A Glossary, Index of Names, A Bibliography, Links]

Prehistoric Thera: Akrotiri - Excavations at Thera Vi. [1972 Season]. By Spyridon Marinatos, Prof. of Arch., EM., Uiversity of Athens. Athens. 1974. With 6 Figures in the Text, 112 Plates in Black and White, and 11 Colour Plates with 7 Maps in Spearate Pocket. Athens. 1974.

Isthmia. Broneer, Oscar. "Topography and Architecture." Vol II. Isthmia, Excavations by the University of Chicago under the Auspices of The American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Princeton, New Jersey: American School of Classical Studies at Athens. 1973.

Evans, Sir Arthur. The Palace of Minos. A Comparative Account of the Successive Stages of the Early Cretan Civilization as Illustrated by the Discoveries. Vol. II: Part II. Town-Houses in Knossos of the New Era and Restored West Palace Section, with its State Approach. New York: Biblo and Tannen:. 1964.

Hauser, Arnold. "Crete" - in The Social History of Art. Vol. 1. New York: Vintage Books/Random House. 1951.

Doumas, Christos, Prof. of Archaeology at the Univ. of Athens, Director of Excavations at Akrotiri. Santorini, A Guide to the Island and Its Archaeological Treasures. Athens: Ekdotike Athenon S.A. 1995.

Kyriazis, Constantine D. Eternal Greece. Translated by Harry T. Hionides. A Chat Publication.]

Lévêque, Pierre. The Birth of Greece. NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc./DISCOVERIES. 1994 [Pierre Lévêque is a professor of Greek history at the Université de Franche-ComtÚ, in BesanÙon. In addition to his scholarly histories of Greece, he has published several popular surveys of ancient Greek culture as well as guidebooks to Greece and Sicily. His most recent published works are about the history of religion.]

Minoan Art. Walberg, Gisela. Tradition and Innovation. Essays in Minoan Art. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp Von Zabern. 1986.

Ancient Chinese Art

Welch, Stuart Cary. Imperial Mughal Painting. New York: George Braziller. 1978.

De Silva, Anil and photographs by Dominque Darbois. The Art of Chinese Landscape Painting in the Caves of Tun-Huang. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. 1964.

- - - - Along the Ancient Silk Road - - - - -

This image comes from Silk Road Trade Routes - The Silk Road Seattle Virtual Art Exhibit [Project Director: Professor Daniel C. Waugh, University of Washington, USA. Design by Lance Jenott.

International Dunhuang Project - "A ground-breaking international collaboration to make more than 100,000 manuscripts, paintings and artefacts from Dunhuang and other Silk Road sites freely available on the internet with top quality colour images. The items are shown in context, with bibliographies, maps, photographs, site plans and other information relating to their provenance, history and present condition, giving the scholar, the student and the layman a unique insight into Silk Road life during the first millennium AD. . . . . The collections consist largely of items, dating from about 100 BC to AD 1200, including paintings, murals, artefacts, coins and manuscripts, the last in over twenty different languages and scripts. The size and scope of the collections, as well as their fragility and limited access, has meant that, while they constitute a primary research resource for the history and literature of the region, many of the manuscripts in particular have yet to be studied in detail. The International Dunhuang Project aims to reunite this material by making it freely available online." [Founder Members: Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris; The British Library, London; The Institute of Oriental Studies, St. Petersburg ; The National Library of China, Beijing ; The National Museum, New Delhi; Staatsbibliothek, Berlin

Silk Road Seattle - "An ongoing public education project using the "Silk Road" theme to explore cultural interaction across Eurasia from the beginning of the Common Era (A. D.) to the Seventeenth Century."

Lost Cities of the Silk Road

Other Silk Road Related Sites



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